These are one set of questions which were answered by a group of
Odyssey scholars from the Ageanet.
Honors English I (7th period)
What does: 'Eumaios- O my swineherd! answered him.' mean? Why
does Homer use this instead of 'Eumaios said.'?
What does this mean? -And you replied Eumaios- O my
swineherd. Where does that come from?
What exactly is a hekatomb?
On pg.383, ln.297 Antinoos says, "I say we take this hectoring
by Telemakhos." What does hectoring mean?
After Odysseus comes home to fight, when does he change back
from an old man to his younger self? As far as I know it doesn't
say. So by the end of the book, I thought that he was still old.
Throughout the book Odysseus is referred to as son of Laertes
and the gods of old. What does the 'gods of old' refer to?
Do all the islands and lands mentioned in the Odyssey really
In the original form, was the Odyssey acted out or just simply
sung? What is the meaning of Odysseus seeing his mother in the
form of a shade?
If Odysseus and the Akhaians believed in fate, then what
purpose did the gods serve? How could they affect a person's life?
Why does Odysseus always test people? Especially his father?
I would have run and just hugged my father.
Honors English I (4th period)
Were the oracles (e.g. at Delphi) really just people who
inhaled volcanic fumes from vents in the earth, and how was that
deciphered? Also- From the Odyssey are there many places which
match up on the physical earth with places that Odysseus went to
until his shipwreck on Kalypso's island? -such as the place of
death [shades], the fjord isle of the cannibals, Kirke's isle..
Where is the passageway in Bk. 12 between the whirlpool and
Skylla and secondly, was Skylla like a giant squid or some other
sea creature that back then they thought was a monster?
Does Odysseus ever do the second trial told to him by
Teiresias when he's in the land of the dead? (Bk 11, ln 135)
Also- Laertes says he was commander of the Kephallenians; who were
they? (Bk XXIV, ln 415)
In Bk. XXIV, ln. 259, why does Odysseus decide [question]
whether to interrogate his father or run and kiss him? You would
think after 20 years you'd run to your father and hug him as soon
as you saw him.
In the book, The Odyssey, it looks like the gods have an awful
lot of power. If they have all this power, why don't they use it
to prevent war and make the world a peaceful place?
In Bk. 24, ln 254, why does Odysseus want to lie to his father
and not run up and hug him? Wouldn't Laertes believe that he is
really his son?
Did all Greeks approach others by saying something descriptive
about them? Like when Kalypso talks to Odysseus she says 'Son of
Laertes, versatile Odysseus.' Why does she have to say 'son of
Laertes'? (ln. 211)
As Odysseus is on his journey home, he goes to the 'cold homes
of Death and pale Persephone,' where it says that it is dark almost
all day. Where approximately would this be located on earth?
What does 'ghosting deer' mean? Bk. VI pg. 102, ln. 112-113.
In Bk. III, ln. 12-13, it says '...while on the altars
thighbones in fat lay for the god.' Why do they have to burn
thighbones? Why couldn't they burn any other bones?
When did 'mythology' become less believed in and begin not to
be the prominent religion/belief of the people in that area of the
In relation to the countries today, where were Kharybdis,
Skylla, and the Seirenes?
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